It's all personal opinion, of course, and it's hard for me to say that The Twelve Chairs is better than The Producers. The Producers is simply too hilarious to suggest otherwise. But I think that The Twelve Chairs is the best-made of Mel Brooks's movies -- the best acted overall, the best written, the best structured, and the best directed and produced. It stars Ron Moody (not long after getting his Oscar nomination as Best Actor for 'Fagin' in the movie musical Oliver!), Frank Langella (at the peak of his popularity, after having starred in the Broadway play and film version of Dracula), and Dom DeLuise, in perhaps his best performance. Mel Brooks is in it, as well, but in a very small supporting role as a former slave peasant, and it's probably his funniest performance, as well.
The writers Ilf and Petrov were unique -- the best way to describe them is sort of as the Russian version of Mark Twain. They were satirists, not the most common or safest of professions in the early days of the Soviet Union -- or the later days -- and hugely popular. In fact it's their massive popularity that kept Soviet officials hands-off. The first story I read by Ilf and Petrov was The Fatal Egg, a very funny short story about a lab experiment with an egg that starts off with the best of intentions that gets wildly out of control and goes all wrong. It's clear when reading it that the "experiment" they're talking about is Communism. The fact that, with stories such as that, Ilf and Petrov were allowed to keep writing is testament to their extreme popularity.
The Twelve Chairs is about the change from Mother Russia to Communism after the Revolution, and it's no less satirical and scathing, all round. It tells the story of former nobleman Ron Moody (as Vorobyaninov) who's struggling and unable to deal with the new world of equality brought by the Revolution. Then, as his mother is dying, she whispers to him that before the Revolution, she sewed all the family jewels into the seat of one of their twelve chairs that have since been taken off -- somewhere.
The thing is, she has confessed all this to her priest, played by Dom DeLuise, who opts for financial gain over piety, and like Moody decides to go off and track the chairs down. And Moody's quest to find the chairs (amid Soviet bureaucracy, since the full set of 12 has been split up) gets him teamed with a charming thief, played with incredible grace by Frank Langella. Their competing greedy quests take them across the country, and the concept of rank, position and friendship all begin to overap.
As you can see, this is hardly the typical Mel Brooks comedy. It's also perhaps the direction of movies that Brooks had planned to take. But the movie was a huge failure at the box office. And even his first film, The Producers, hadn't been especially successful. But his next movie, Blazing Saddles, was a massive hit. So, from that point on, he only made movie parodies. I liked many of them, was disappointed in too many, as they got progressively worse, and would have loved to have seen how his film might have been, because I loved The Twelve Chairs so much.
The movie also gave an indication of what was to come in another regard, and not necessarily for the best. As I mentioned, Mel Brooks is hilarious in a very small role as a former slave, Tikon, now just a peasant, who longs for the days of security, even if he was treated poorly by his master, Ron Moody, who he loved. You'll recall that Brooks didn't appear in his first film, The Producers. And he just gave himself a tiny role here. But a few years later, I heard an interview with him saying, "If I'd known how funny I'd be in The Twelve Chairs, I'd have made the part bigger." Though it might have been fun to see more of him here, sometimes less and wanting to see more works best. More to the point, he did give himself a bigger role in his next film, Blazing Saddles (a double role, in fact, as the governor and an Indian chief). And then after Young Frankenstein, which he made with Gene Wilder who starred, Brooks began making himself The Star. I like Mel Brooks as an actor -- but I think he's best as a character actor and in supporting roles. I'm not convinced he did his movies justice by starring in all of them. (As you'll note here by how wonderful the acting is in The Twelve Chairs with Moody, Langella and DeLuise.) But his being so wonderful in The Twelve Chairs started that path, I think.
Hope for the best, expect the worst.
The rich are blessed, the poor are cursed.
Go take your chances
There are no answers.
Hope for the best, expect the worst.
And you'll see the screen credit as -- "by Mel Brooks." Except...it's not. The music is almost exactly note-for-note Brahms Hungarian Dances #2. (Which is itself adapted from old Hungarian folk songs.) While I can understand the desire to take full credit yourself, and the original work for far out of copyright, I think it would almost be a more wonderful credit to have, "Lyrics by Mel Brooks, Music by Johannes Brahms." Plus, it would have been honest.
Anyway, do yourself a favor and check out The Twelve Chairs today.